LOS BANOS GAD DATABASE
The Los Baños GAD Database is a project of the municipality of Los Baños, spearheaded by the Gender and Development Office. The database is a manifestation of the municipality’s strong belief and commitment that a GAD database is essential, since it serves as the basis for gender-responsive planning, programming, and policy formulation. The design of the database also allows interested researchers to download the information. The GAD Office also promises to continuously and regularly monitor and update the database to make sure that all possible facets of necessary data is covered.
When you open the Los Baños website, click on the GAD link. This will take you to the site of the Gender and Development Office. Click the link to the GAD Database.
The first page that will be seen is the list of sectors as shown in the Joint Memorandum Circular 2013-01. These are as follows:
I. Social Development Sector -Demography, Education, Health, Special Benefits Leave, Shelter, Social Welfare-WEDC, Girl Children, Senior Citizens, Gender-based Violence/Protection from all forms of Violence, Media and Film, Marriage and Family Relations, Sports, Social Protection, and Protection and security in times of disaster, calamity, and other crisis.
II. Economic Development Sector -Income and Poverty, Labor and Employment, Agriculture Land Utilization, Food Self-sufficiency, Fishery, Forestry, Industry
III. Infrastructure Sector -Utilities (water), Roads and Bridges, Flood Drainage and Management, Irrigation, Public Safety, Open Space, Social Support
IV. Environment Sector -Resource Base and Land Use, Tenure Management, Land Use and Land Productivity, Fertilizer and Pesticides Use, Solid Waste Management, Water Quality
V. Institutional Sector -Local Fiscal Management –Revenue Performance, Expenditure, Real Property Tax, Capacity Development, Participation, Organization and Management, Transparency, Development Orientation, Enterprise Development, Peace and Development
VI. Gender Mainstreaming -Planning, Programming, Budgeting, Monitoring and Evaluation, GAD Code, GAD Focal Point System, GAD Database
Each of the above sectors has sub-sectors which are also listed above. The GAD Database will follow the listing of the sub-sectors.
A review of the data requirements reveal that two types of data are being asked: quantitative data and qualitative data. An example of the former is: prevalence rates of HIV, AIDs, malaria, tuberculosis and other diseases to be sourced from the Municipal Health Office. An example of qualitative data is: standards and gender-fair modules developed (on marriage, family relations, parent effectiveness, shared parenting and household responsibilities and non-exist child rearing)
Because of the dual nature of the data required, two database formats are needed. For the qualitative data, the database indicates the presence of such by identifying the policies or programs that have been adopted and put into place by the municipality. In addition, a link of the specific memorandum/orders regarding such programs is also provided.
For the quantitative data, a table-format has been adopted. The starting date was 2015. The encoder entered the data in the Access. The Access allowed the retrieval of the data in table form. This data was saved in Excel and PDF, and such files in turn, were uploaded to the GAD link. They would be seen by the public.
Majority of the information for the indicators were taken from the 2017 Community Based Monitoring System survey coordinated by the Municipal Planning and Development Office (MPDO) of Los Baños. The said office graciously allowed GAD Office to use the information gathered for the database.
III. The Sectors
I. Social Development Sector
The Social Development Sector contains a hundred indicators covering such topics as demography, education, health, special benefit, shelter, social welfare, gender based violence, media and film, marriage and family relations, protection and security in times of disaster and other crisis situation, sports and social protection. The World Bank states that social development focuses on the need to “put people first” in development processes. Meanwhile, social development as defined by the New Brunswick Canada is about improving the well-being of every individual in society so they can reach their full potential since the success of society is linked to the well-being of each and every citizen. The International Institute of Social Studies (part of the Erasmus University Rotterdam) believes that social development is about putting people at the center of development and that social development is critical for broader development outcomes, including sustainable economic growth.
4. Special Benefit Leave
6. Social Welfare - WEDC
7. Social Welfare - Girl Children
8. Social Welfare - Senior Citizens
9. Social Welfare - Gender –based Violence/Protection from all forms of Violence
10. Media and Film
11. Marriage and Family Relations
12. Protection and security in times of disaster, calamities and other crisis situations
14. Social Protection
II. Economic Development Sector
The Economic Development Sector encompasses the following topics: income and poverty, labor and employment, agriculture and land use, food, fishery, forestry and industry. Traditionally, the literature describes the economic sector to include the primary sector which includes agriculture and other natural resource industries; the secondary sector covers manufacturing, engineering and construction; and a tertiary sector for the service industries. Two other sectors, i.e., the quaternary sector for intellectual activities involving education and research and the quinary sector reserved for high level decision makers in government and industry have been added lately (Business Dictionary).
4. Food Self-sufficiency
III. Infrastructure Sector
The Infrastructure Sector is defined by the dictionary (Cambridge Dictionary) as the basic systems and services, such as transport and power supplies, that a country or organization uses in order to work effectively. Thus, the sector looks at indicators related to utilities, roads and bridges, flood drainage and management, irrigation, open space, etc.
1. Utilities (water)
2. Roads and Bridges
3. Flood Drainage and Management
5. Public Safety
6. Open Space
7. Social Support
IV. Environment Sector
The Environment Sector looks at the resource base, forms of tenure management, land use, and water quality, etc. Environment is defined as the surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates. It also refers to the natural world, as a whole or in a particular geographical area, especially as affected by human activity (English Oxford Living Dictionary).
1. Resource Base and Land Use
2. Tenure Management
3. Land Use and Land Productivity
4. Fertilizer and Pesticides Use
5. Solid Waste Management
6. Water Quality
V. Institutional Sector
The Institutional Sector covers the remaining other indicators. These indicators look at local fiscal management, revenue performance, expenditure, real property tax, capacity development, participation, organization and management, transparency, development orientation, enterprise development, peace and development.
1. Local Fiscal Management – Revenue Performance
3. Real Property Tax
4. Capacity Development
6. Organization and Management
8. Development Orientation
10. Peace and Development
VI. Gender Mainstreaming
Gender Mainstreaming delves into the planning, programming, budgeting, monitoring and evaluation, GAD Code, focal point system and GAD database.
2. GAD Code
4. GAD Database